Deficiency of methionine, taurine, cystine in tissue cells can lead to the development of degenerative processes in organs and systems, serious diseases (cardiomyopathy, central retinal degeneration, impaired reproductive function).
The nutritional value, nutritional value, calorie content of food for cats is influenced by animal and vegetable fats, which are the main source of energy. Fats – carriers of fat-soluble vitamins – A, E, D. For cats, vegetable oil tastes less attractive than animal fats.
A pet with food should receive carbohydrates and fiber. In order to prevent obesity, not to disturb metabolism, an adult cat needs 2.7 g of easily digestible carbohydrates, 0.31 g of fiber per 1 kg of body weight. The need for carbohydrates increases by 25-50% during pregnancy and lactation.
The diet of cats should also contain beta-carotene, vitamins of group B, E, H, PP, C. From minerals: calcium, magnesium, manganese, fluorine, iron, cobalt, zinc, sodium, molybdenum.
When planning to keep a cat on a natural diet, it should be noted that the concept of “natural diet” does not imply feeding animals with products from our table.
Cats should not be given legumes, salted, smoked, spicy, fried foods. In any quantity, hot, spicy spices, onions, garlic, which are contained in our dishes, are dangerous. Keep in mind that salt is a slow, deadly poison for cats. Sweets and baked goods contain large amounts of starch, carbohydrates that cause fermentation in the intestines.
Eating forbidden “delicacies” from the master’s table can lead to obesity, metabolic disturbances, malfunctions of the endocrine, urinary, cardiovascular systems, and cause physiological changes in the body.
The diet of domestic cats should include:
- chicken, turkey meat, chicken offal (heart, stomachs, ground beef);
- veal, beef, lamb, rabbit, meat offal (liver, tongue, heart, lungs);
- fermented milk products, eggs;
- boiled sea fish (hake, cod, flounder, navigate, halibut, pelengas);
- vegetable, animal fats;
- greens, vegetables, cereals, cereals.
The basis of the diet of pets should be 60-70% meat products, which are the main source of protein, fatty acids, phosphorus, B vitamins. Meat to domestic cats is given daily fresh or boiled, cut into small portions. Offal, sea fish – only boiled. It is best to alternate between meat and offal.
Tubular bones, raw river fish should not be given to cats. River fish, untreated meat products can cause infection of animals with helminthic infestations.
Boiled sea fish is given to adult cats no more than twice a week; sea fish is a source of fat-soluble vitamins, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium.
The diet should contain fermented milk products, which are a source of fats, carbohydrates, complete protein. Cats are given: natural yogurt, kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese, reverse, whey. Milk is given to adult animals only if it does not cause an eating disorder.
Small kittens, young animals are given one boiled egg no more often than once a week. Eggs contain folic acid, vitamin E, A, B12. It is not recommended to give raw eggs to cats.
Sources of carbohydrates are cereals, cereals – buckwheat, oatmeal, wheat, rice, semolina. It is better to cook porridge in water, meat, fish broth. Cats should also be given boiled, stewed vegetables, sprouted wheat grains, fresh herbs, and young grass.
In order not to harm the animal, it is necessary to adhere to the diet throughout life, occasionally making adjustments as needed. The natural diet should be supplemented with vitamin and mineral supplements.